GEN 3.5  Meteorological Services

3.5.1   Responsible service

The meteorological forecasting and climatological services for civil aviation in Portugal are provided by the Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, I.P.(IPMA) designated as the Meteorological Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP) under the EU Service Provision Regulation.

Post:

Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, I.P.
Rua C – Aeroporto de Lisboa
1749-077 LISBOA

Tel:+351 218447000

Fax:+351 218402468

AFS:LPMGYMYM

Email:info@ipma.pt

URL:www.ipma.pt

At LAJES (AÇORES) and BEJA aerodromes, observations and forecasts are provided by “Força Aérea Portuguesa” (FAP).

Post:

Comando Aéreo
Centro de Informação Meteorológica da Força Aérea
Av. Tenente Martins - Monsanto
1500-589 Lisboa
Portugal

Tel:+351 217716037
Ext: 509384

Fax:+351 217716084
Ext: 509284

AFS:LPAMYMYX / LPAMYMYM

Email:ca_cimfa_prev@emfa.pt

Email:ca_cimfa_meteo@emfa.pt

Applicable ICAO Documents

The Standards, Recommended Practices and, when applicable, the procedures contained in the following ICAO documents are applied:

Annex 3 – Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation

Annex 14 – Aerodromes

DOC. 7030, Part 3 – Regional Supplementary Procedures

DOC. 7754 – European Region, ANP, Volume I and II

DOC. 9634 – North Atlantic Region, ANP

DOC. 9635 – Facilities and Services Implementation Document (FASID). North Atlantic Region, ANP

DOC. 10066 – Procedures for Air Navigation Services – Aeronautical Information Services (PANS-AIM), from ICAO

DOC. 8896 - Manual of Aeronautical Meteorological Practice

Differences to these provisions are detailed in GEN 1.7 .

3.5.2   Area of responsibility

IPMA provides area Meteorological Watch for Lisboa FIR and Santa Maria Oceanic FIR.

3.5.3   Meteorological observations and reports

Name of station/
Location indicator
Type and frequency of observation/ automatic observing equipmentTypes of MET reports & Supplementary information includedObservation System and Site(s)Hours of operationClimatological information
123456
Beja/
LPBJ
Hourly plus special observations / semi-automatic observation equipmentMETAR, SPECISFC wind sensor 107M FM THR 01L
SFC wind sensor 110M FM THR 19R SFC wind sensor Middle Point 1650M FM THR 01L
RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 01L
RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 19R Ceilometer 220M FM THR 19R Thermometer Middle Point
H24Climatological Tables AVBL on request
Cascais/LPCSHalf hourly observations / semi-automatic observation equipmentMETAR, MET REPORT and SPECIALSFC wind sensor left side 300M FM THR 17
SFC wind sensor left side 343M FM THR 35
RVR EQPT left side 294M FM THR 17
Ceilometer left side 38M FM THR 35
Thermometer co-located with SFC
wind sensor left side 343M FM THR 35L
Summer: 06:00-20:00, Winter: 07:00-19:00.Climatological Tables with gap in night-time data, available on request

Faro/

LPFR

Half hourly observations / semi-automatic observation equipmentMETAR, MET REPORT and SPECIALSFC wind sensor right side 414M FM THR 10
SFC wind sensor left side 412M FM THR 28
SFC wind sensor Middle Point
RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 10
RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 28
RVR EQPT Middle Point
VIS Sensor right side RWY 28 213M BFR THR 100M FM RWY EXTD CL
VIS Sensor left side RWY 10 80M BFR THR 223M FM RWY EXTD CL
Ceilometer RWY 10Ceilometer RWY 28
Ceilometer 283º MAG-1.6NM FM THR 28
Thermometer Middle Point

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request

Horta/

LPHR

Half hourly observations /

semi-automatic observation equipment

METAR, MET REPORT and SPECIAL

SFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 10

SFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 28

RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 28

Ceilometer RWY 28

Thermometer middle point

06:45-21:15 (05:45-20:15)Climatological Tables with gap in night-time data, AVBL on request

Lajes/

LPLA

Hourly plus special observationsMETAR, SPECICup Anemometer 288M THR 15 Cup Anemometer 346M THR 33 Cup Anemometer 1224M Middle Point
Transmissometer 288M THR 15 Transmissometer 346M THR 33 Ceilometer 346M THR 15/THR 33

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request

Lisboa/

LPPT

Half hourly observations /

semi-automatic observation equipment

METAR, MET REPORT and SPECIALSFC wind sensor right side 300M FM THR 02
SFC wind sensor middle point near INT RWY 02/20 and TWY T
SFC wind sensor right side 300M FM THR 20

RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 02 RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 20 RVR EQPT Middle Point

VIS Sensor 571M BFR THR 20 left side 129M FM RWY EXTD CL
Ceilometer near ILS LOC 02 Ceilometer near ILS MM 02 0.57NM FM THR 02 Ceilometer near ILS LOC 20 Ceilometer near ILS OM 20 3.95NM FM THR 20 Thermometer near SFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 20

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request

Madeira/

LPMA

Half hourly observations /

semi-automatic observation equipment

METAR, MET REPORT and SPECIALSFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 05
SFC wind sensor Middle point
SFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 23
SFC wind sensor 1 NM FM RWY 05 at ROSÁRIO
Thermometer 300M FM SFC wind sensor RWY 05

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request

Ponta Delgada/

LPPD

Half hourly observations /

semi-automatic observation equipment

METAR, MET REPORT and SPECIALSFC wind sensor right side 170M FM THR 12
SFC wind sensor right side 300M FM THR 30
RVR EQPT close to SFC wind sensor RWY 30 Ceilometer RWY 30 Thermometer close to DME

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request
Porto/LPPRHalf hourly observations /

semi-automatic observation equipment

METAR, MET REPORT and SPECIAL SFC wind sensor 490M FM THR 35
SFC wind sensor Middle point
SFC wind sensor 340M FM THR 17
RVR EQPT 400M FM THR 35
RVR EQPT 300M FM THR 17
RVR EQPT Middle point
VIS Sensor 1650M FM THR 35 105M left side RWY EXTD CL
VIS Sensor RWY 17 80M BFR THR 17 105M right side FM RWY CL
Ceilometer near ILS LOC 35
Ceilometer near DVOR/DME site 173º MAG- 0.79NM FM THR 17
Ceilometer near ILS OM 17 5.35NM FM THR 17
Thermometer near SFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 17

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request

Porto Santo/

LPPS

Half hourly observations /

semi-automatic observation equipment

METAR, MET REPORT and SPECIALSFC wind sensor right side 300M FM THR 36
SFC wind sensor right side 300M FM THR 18
Thermometer near SFC wind sensor RWY 36

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request

Santa Maria/

LPAZ

Half hourly observations /

semi-automatic observation equipment

METAR, MET REPORT and SPECIAL

SFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 36

SFC wind sensor 300M FM THR 18

RVR EQPT near SFC wind sensor RWY 18

Ceilometer left side THR 18

Thermometer near SFC wind sensor RWY 36

H24

Climatological Tables AVBL on request

3.5.4   Types of services

The Centro de Previsão e Vigilância Meteorológica para a Aeronáutica (CPVM-AERO) based at IPMA, Lisbon, operate H24, provides:

1. TAF and amendments, for the aerodromes:

TAF
Airport/AerodromeTime of IssueValidity Period
Lisboa05:00; 11:00; 17:00; 23:0030 hours
Santa Maria05:00; 11:00; 17:00; 23:0030 hours
Porto Santo05:00; 11:00; 17:00; 23:0030 hours
Porto05:00; 11:00; 17:00; 23:0024 hours
Faro05:00; 11:00; 17:00; 23:0024 hours
Madeira05:00; 11:00; 17:00; 23:0024 hours
Ponta Delgada05:00; 11:00; 17:00; 23:0024 hours
Horta05:00; 08:00; 11:00; 14:009 hours
Cascais05:00; 08:00; 11:00; 14:009 hours

2. GAMET, issued to a area contained in Lisboa FIR (north of N3630 and east of W01000) designated as LISBOA FIR / MAINLAND

GAMET
Time of issueValidity period
02:0003:00-09:00
08:0009:00-15:00
14:0015:00-21:00
20:0021:00-03:00

3. Aerodrome warnings issued, in accordance with the agreement between IPMA and ANA, Aeroportos de Portugal,S.A. to the airports of Lisboa, Porto, Faro, Madeira, Porto Santo, Santa Maria, Ponta Delgada and Horta.

Aerodrome Warnings
PhenomenaEmission Criteria
Tropical CycloneIf the phenomenon occurs
ThunderstormFrequent (the phenomenon must occur at least 75% of the warning period)
Snow≥ 6 cm
Surface wind≥ 35 KT
Wind gusts≥ 45 KT
Rain≥21 mm/1h or 41 mm/6h
HailIf the phenomenon occurs or is expected to occur

4. Live en-route and terminal briefing line service provided by Aeronautical Forecasters by dedicated phone and also Fax and Email:

Tel:+351 218474583

Fax:+351 218402370

Email:met.aero@ipma.pt

5. There is also available a free Flight Briefing System (Self-Briefing) for operators and flight crew members through permission previously requested on line in the IPMA website (details in 3.5.9):

3.5.5   Notification required from operators

Notification from operators in respect of briefing, flight documentation and other meteorological information needed (ref. ICAO Annex 3, Chapter 2, 2.3) should be received at least 2 hours before the expected time of departure.

3.5.6   Aircraft reports

The ATS/MET reporting points in respect of routes crossing the FIR are indicated in section ENR-4.4

3.5.7   VOLMET service

NameCall SignFrequencyBroadcast periodService Aerodromes/
Heliports included
Contents & format of REP and FCST & Remarks
1234567

LISBOA

Lisboa VOLMET

126.405 MHZ

H24

CONS

LISBOA

METAR, SIGMET

VOLMET Service also available by ACARS for aircraft equipped with ACARS Management Unit.
PORTO

FARO

SEVILHA

MADRID

LAS PALMAS

TENERIFE/
Reina Sofia

MADEIRA

PORTO SANTO

CASCAIS

SANTA MARIASanta Maria VOLMET124.850 MHZH24CONSSANTA MARIA
PONTA DELGADA
LAJES
PICO
HORTA

3.5.8   SIGMET and AIRMET service

METEOROLOGICAL WATCH OFFICE (MWO)

Aeronautical Meteorological Watch services are provided by the CPVM-AERO, Lisboa. For the safety of air traffic, this service consists of a continuous weather watch within the FIRs and the issuance of appropriate information: SIGMET and AIRMET.

The CPVM-AERO issue SIGMET to Lisboa FIR and Santa Maria Oceanic FIR. The CPVM-AERO issue AIRMET information to a region that corresponds to a part of the Lisboa FIR (north of N3630 and east of W01000, designated as LISBOA FIR / MAINLAND).

NameHoursFIR or CTA servedType of SIGMET/ValiditySpecific procedures applied to SIGMETSpecific procedures applied to AIRMETATS unit servedAdditional information
12345678

LISBOA

LPPT

H24

Lisboa FIRSIGMET WS/4 HR
SIGMET WV/6 HR
SIGMET WC/6 HR

NIL

NIL

Lisboa ACC

NIL
Santa Maria Oceanic FIRSanta Maria ACCSee ENR 1.1.21

3.5.9   Other automated meteorological services

IPMA provides an automated Self-briefing (Flight Briefing information service) accessible by internet.

This free service is available in the IPMA, I.P. website for authorized operators, flight crew members and other users: